The Psychosocial Problems of Children with HIV/AIDS on Antiretroviral Treatment in South Africa.
AIDS was first recognised in 1981 and according to the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS, 2006) it is estimated that since that year, it has killed more than 25 million people worldwide. At the end of 2005 an estimated 38.6 million people worldwide were living with HIV, and AIDS claimed in this year an estimated 2.4-3.3 million lives, of which more than 570.000 were children (wikipedia.org). Africa remains the global epicentre of the AIDS pandemic. South Africa’s AIDS epidemic, one of the worst in the world, shows no evidence of a decline. An estimated 5.5 million people were living with HIV in this area in 2005 (UNAIDS, 2006).